Study Guide – Change caused by Human Activities – Water Pollution | Air Pollution | Land Pollution | Noise Pollution – Basic Science and Technology/Social Studies/Agriculture

Last Updated on September 1, 2021 by Quizzes

 

MEANING (TYPES) OF POLLUTION

INTRODUCTION 

Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment of a something which has harmful or poisonous effects.

Pollution can occur naturally, for example through volcanic eruptions, or as the result of human activities, such as the spilling of oil or disposal of household and industrial waste.

 

MEANING OF POLLUTION 

Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment dirty and unsafe to use.

For example, a heap of rubbish is a type of pollution. A dead animal lying on the road causes pollution.

This leads to the contamination of the air, water, or soil.

These harmful substances introduced into the environment are called pollutants.

 

TYPES OF POLLUTION 

The types of pollution we have are

1. Land pollution

2. Water water pollution

3. Air pollution

3. Noise pollution

 

 

MEANING OF WATER POLLUTION

Water pollution is anything that makes our water dirty and unsafe for drinking and general uses.

 

Polluted water is unsafe for humans, animals and plants.

 

HUMAN ACTIVITIES THAT POLLUTED THE WATER

Pollution can happen through human activities like –

1. dumping human waste in the water.

2. leaving dead farm animals near water.

3. washing clothes with detergent or soap in a river or stream.

4. emptying industrial waste into the rivers/streams, etc.

5. erosion carries harmful substances like pesticides and fertilizer into rivers/streams.

 

EFFECTS OF WATER POLLUTION

Polluted water carried deadly bacteria, such as those responsible for,

1. diarrhea

2. cholera

3. dysentery

4. typhoid

5. death

 

PREVENTION OF WATER POLLUTION

1. Avoid dumping human waste in the water.

 

2. Bury or burn dead farm animals immediately.

3. Don’t wash clothes with detergent or soap in a river or stream.

4. Farm chemicals like Fertilizer, insecticide and pesticides should be apply correctly.

5. Industrial should dispose their waste properly.

6. Household waste should be dispose properly.

 

 

MEANING OF AIR POLLUTION

Air pollution is the release of gases, dust, smoke, or odor into the air which make it unclean and difficult for breathing.

Polluted air is also unsafe for humans, plants and animals.

 

HUMAN ACTIVITIES THAT POLLUTED THE AIR POLLUTION/CAUSES OF AIR POLLUTION

Air pollution can happen through human activities like –

1. gases

2. raising dust

3. smoke from engines

4. heat

5. odor from the human body or dead animals or rotten food.

 

EFFECTS OF AIR POLLUTION

Polluted air carried deadly substance, such as those responsible for,

 

1. headaches

2. dizziness

3. heart disease

4. lung cancer

5. brain damage, etc.

 

PREVENTION OF AIR POLLUTION

1. Using public transports

2. Turn off the lights when not in use

3. Avoid bush burning

4. Don’t smoke in public air

5. Stay away for smokers

7. Using nose cover or face cover

8. Service your engine regularly

8. Make use of good engine oil

 

 

MEANING OF POLLUTION

Land pollution is the release unwanted stuff, waste materials and harmful substances on the land.

Polluted land is unsafe for human, plants and animals.

 

HUMAN ACTIVITIES CAUSED BY LAND POLLUTION/CAUSES OF LAND POLLUTION 

Land pollution can happen through human activities like –

 

1. Dumping of refuse

2. Deforestation

3. Bush burning

4. Soil erosion

5. Agricultural activities

6. Mining activities

7. Overcrowded landfills

8. Construction activities

9. Human sewage

 

EFFECTS OF LAND POLLUTION 

1. Loss of top most soil

2. Soil pollution

3. Water and air pollution

4. Climactic change

5. Effect on human health

6. Increased risk of wildfires

7. Cause Air pollution

8. Distraction for Tourist

 

PREVENTION OF LAND POLLUTION 

The ways of preventing land pollution include –

 

1. Raising awareness

2. Reduce, Recycle and Reuse

5. Proper waste disposal

4. Afforestation

6. Law and order

 

 

MEANING OF NOISE POLLUTION

Noise pollution means an unwanted and undesirable sound that leads to physical and mental problems.

Noise pollution is dependent on the loudness and frequency of the sound.

 

HUMAN ACTIVITIES THAT CAUSES NOISE POLLUTION 

1. Nature – Thunderstorms, lightning, earthquakes, landslides, sounds produced by animals, and rainfall. This is not caused by human activities.

 

2. Human activities

3. Public address systems

4. Generate

5. Emergency services/government sirens

6. Poor Urban Planning

7. Social Events

8. Political campaigns

9. Construction activities

10. Industrial activities

11. Religious activities

 

EFFECTS OF NOISE POLLUTION 

1. Constant headache

2. Hypertension

3. High stress levels

4. High blood pressure

5. Hearing loss

6. Sleeplessness

 

PREVENTION OF NOISE POLLUTION 

1. Aware of the kind of noise that is harmful to oneself.

2. The use of sound proof.

3. Learn to meditate

4. Banned on public address systems.

 

 

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